Different Types of Chihuahuas

There are only Two Types of Chihuahua

You may have heard that there are several different types of Chihuahua. There are only two. There are different colours and like people they come in different sizes. A different size does not mean a different breed, they are all Chihuahuas.

The two different types of Chihuahua are the short haired Chihuahua and the long haired Chihuahua. Short haired Chihuahuas have short sleek hair which does shed. Most owners agree that this is the easiest type to keep in terms of grooming. However grooming for the long haired type is not really difficult at all.

The hair of the long haired Chihuahua will grow to a length of one or two inches and is wavy. This type of Chihuahua does not require hair cuts as the hair will never grow long enough to need cutting.

The only difference between the two types is that long haired Chihuahuas need to be brushed more often. You should also use a steel comb after brushing to remove tangles and mats.

Which type of Chihuahua is best?

There is really no difference between long haired and short haired Chihuahuas with regards health, personality, temperament or habits. A Chihuahua will always be a Chihuahua whatever the length of his hair, so one is no better than the other. Some people prefer long haired Chihuahuas and others the short haired. Beneath the fur the features are the same. They share the same eyes, ears, muzzle and nose. It simply depends on the preference of the owner for long or short hair.

Both types of Chihuahua will shiver, which is often due to excitement or nervousness but is also sometimes due to them being cold. Despite any stories you may of heard, long haired Chihuahuas do not retain body heat any more efficiently than the short haired variety. So again there is no benefit from having one type of the other. It is all down to personal preference

If you found this article helpful, would like to criticise it or tell us about your own experiences, please leave your comments below.

26 Comments on "Different Types of Chihuahuas"

  1. missy walker | August 30, 2009 at 2:12 pm |

    I have a black and white chihuahua. He is bigger than most chihuahua’s that i have seen. My mother has a fawn one and size is totally different. What type could mine be.

  2. Hi Missy thanks for dropping by. Well as the article says there are only two types, long-haired and short haired. Yours is either one or the other. As for his size some Chihuahuas can be up to a foot tall so perhaps you’ve got a big one 🙂 Hope this helps.



  4. Hi Tomas,

    I’d strongly suggest that you take your pup to be examined by a vet.

    I’m sorry I can’t be of any more help.

  5. I have recently gotten two chihuahua. A girl and a boy. I thought I would be able to breed them, but the vet doesn’t suggest it. I’ve heard so many different stories, such as this is the best blood line, but on the other hand they could also have defects. What’s your opinion?

  6. Well, your vet has obviously examined your pets so he or she must have his or her reasons why he or she doesn’t think it is a good idea to breed them so perhaps you should heed your vet’s advice. Chihuahuas are predisposed to rather a large number of inherited (and other) diseases and expert responsible breeders should be doing what they can to ensure that these are not passed on to future generations. As it happens I’m presently researching an article about the diseases Chi’s are predisposed to and will be publishing it soon.

  7. Hi, I am getting a long haired chihuahua within the next few days, its 5 weeks old, I was wondering if you had any suggestions on training. In particular the barking. I live in an apartment complex and I’ve heard chihuahua’s are known for their “yap”. Do you have any tips?.

  8. Hello,
    I have this Chihuahua who is taller then most others. She also has unusual fur coloring (at least that’s what I’ve been told.). Her fur is mostly brown w/ some spots/ designs of black and a little bit of white. I haven’t really seen any others w/ her same fur color. People often say it’s a rare color to have, but is she really a Chihuahua?

  9. The dog in the photo is so adorable but I have seen many long haired chihuahuas before but they dnt look like the one in this picture….
    I’m planning on getting one but I want it to look like the one in this photo, can you please help me?!!!


  10. G-Ma and Babes | May 27, 2010 at 4:36 am |

    To Veronica: We live in an apartment. We have (2) 4 mos. chihuahua puppies (brothers) 1 is white/black with a little brown and larger the other 1 is brown/white with some tan areas. The smaller ears stay down most of the time and don’t really look like a chihuahua, other one ears usually stay up or sometimes only 1 will up. The smaller one didn’t bark very much, but boy will bark at the littlest sounds. We means he could be the bed and someone would touch the door and he would bark before they could ring the doorbell. Yap at first, they do find their mighty voice fast. We need all tips anyone may have. So good luck.
    To A. Johnson: on breeding the lady we got our from told us that vet said that inner breeding (brother and sister ) end up with puppies having birth defects.

  11. Hi i have a chi that is a short hair its really amazing about his color he reminds me of a hiena the gray with black spots is his color rare or is he mixed

  12. hi. i just received this 3 month old chihuahua. i named her nova. she’s white with tan ears, eye lines, nose, tail begining, and various spots on her head and ribs. her ears are smaller than pictures i’ve seen and haven’t stood up yet. her eyes are hazel green rather than black. i was told she was purebred and paid 200 for her. lol she is a lovely hyper puppy that loves to dig on couches pillows and clothes. she is very inteligent and after having her a week she is potty trained can sit, laydown, and leave it. the comand stay and shake are giving her problems but i’m confident before the end of the week she’ll know them too. and then roll over and stand. hopefully i can teach her play dead and other cute tricks. she’s rather tall but the scale says she is 5 pounds. and slowly gaining weight by the onces.
    as for breeding them i did a lot of research b4 i bought nova and its very hard for chihuahuas to have puppies since they are so small. their hips are narrow and their heads are large so c-section is required to for them to birth.
    as for the strange coloring chihuahuas are one of the oldest breeds in america, so old it’s unsure of their ancestors most likely believing a mexican fox is the originator. so since they are so old its very common that they have a very wide variety of colorations mine is strange too almost a terrier like colors. so its ok that yours has unusual colors.
    as for training i found my girl responds very well to praise, attention, and treats. you have to be careful with treats because they gain weight very easily. i gave nova too many treats and she plumped out within a day. luckily since she is a puppy she lost it the next day when i laid off the treats. praise and attention worked to potty train her so quickly. my girl does not bark much but when she does a little shh. or a gentle jerk to distract her is enough to stop it. what she does do is whine when im not with her. the best thing with that is to leave her alone and always come back praising and playing with her showing her that it is ok to be alone and that she shouldn’t be scared. nova is a little better i can give her space with out her whining or freaking out. sleeping in a kennel helped a lot with her potty training and keeping her safe while im sleeping.
    other tips for caring for a puppy chihuahua is to make sure they eat puppy food every 5 hours, as i said they lose weight very quickly, and can go into hypoglycemic shock if they don’t have enough food or sugar in their bodies. signs that they have low blood sugar is discoloration of the nose and belly, lethargy (sleepiness) and lack of energy. puppies sleep a lot but when they are awake they are bouncy and playing with everything. a quick fix if you puppy is showing those signs is to give them sugar water or syrup. NEVER MILK for any puppy milk is a death sentence. it twists their intestines and can kill them.
    im trying to raise a friendly and affectionate chihuahua. the best way to do that is to socialize them with everything before they are 4 months old. im lucky with nove because i bought her from a situation where ppl picked her up and played with her several times a day. so she was very socialized with ppl. other animals and different places are what i have to focus on and her not being totally protective of me, i can leaver her alone and leave her with my mom brother gramma or just plain friends and most of the time she is okay. but sometimes she whines and fights to get to me. still a work in progress but i’ve onlly had her for a week, and i plan on conitnuing this training. i wish everythone the best of luck with their chi puppies 🙂

  13. I have a long haired Chi and I am not sure how much to feed him..He is 7mos and weighs 10 lbs…3 kibbles a day..I dont give him table sraps or milk.???? 1/4 oz of Dow Chow?????

  14. I have a 6month old short hair white and black chihuahua ive had him for a week now i bought him from a pet store the lady told me to feed him puppy chow the hard kind because thats what she had been giving him he really has not been eating at all. I took him to the vet and she told me to mix a little chicken broth with his food but he still refuses to eat it. I cut up little pieces of turkey ham and mixed it but he picked all the turkey ham out and left the food do anyone have advice for me im worried he might lose weight?

  15. Hi Angel, I have a female chihuahua and I feed her a raw diet. I like the food from Darwin’s Pets the best. I also add a little bit of baby food in with the raw meat that I get from Darwins. Usually I get the mixed garden vegetable baby food to add. She does the best on the raw diet. She is almost 4 and when she was 1 developed allergies to just about everything. Thankfully I found out about the raw diet and it has helped a ton! I also just started adding a little coconut oil into her food. Do some research on that, it’s supposed to be very healthy for dogs as well as us humans!

  16. Luck skyweener | August 11, 2011 at 9:52 pm |

    Hi, I am a long haired chihuahua and my brain is far more superior to other dogs, i taught myself how to type on a computer and am a yellow belt in kung fo. I am plotting against my owners and plan to take them hostage for a ransom of 1,000,000,000 beggen strips.

  17. I have a 3 mo. old long coat chihuahua. He was living with other small dogs but he was the smallest. He has a habit of gobbling his food as if he had to fight to get a bite when he was with the other dogs. If you hand him a bite he jumps at it and gets your finger too. He also nips and playfully bites you. With his little sharp teeth you see how painful this can be. But again with the other dogs they probably played and nipped and gnawed on each other. If you shake your finger at him and tell him no, he just jumps at your finger. How can I get it across to him that he doesn’t have to compete for his food anymore and to slow down eating so fast also not to bite us. thanks.

  18. Hello.. I am looking for some chihuahua advice.. I am a dog groomer with my own shop. About a week ago I got a 7 week old male chi he is super cute, he is chestnut and white with blueish eyes a d a bob tail. He is so cute that people come in just to see Dave.. I would like Dave to be in my shop and be very social with peoe and other dogs.. So my question is how do I get him to be a quiet well mannered social dog with out spoiling to much.. People come in and want to hold him and baby him.. Sure cute now.but what about in six months.. And advice would help.. Thanks.

  19. It could be kennel cough

  20. So, my chihuahua is 7 weeks old and has long/short wavy hair. Is her hair going to grow out or stay the way it is?

  21. Bill Hickman | April 4, 2012 at 4:47 pm |

    Is there a such thing as an apple dome and a dear head chiuhua?

  22. Soo crazy 🙂 I was reading thru this, and saw that we have basically the EXACT same looking chi, and we NAMED them the same too, both girls as well!! 🙂 how did you come to the conclusion to name your puppy Nova? i just loved the name, and when i got her, it just fit 🙂

  23. We have two chihuahuas. There are two types. Apple head and deer head. The apple head has the signature shaped head and has short legs and a fat body like dachunds. The deer heads look like deer. Long skinny legs and a smaller belly. We have a albino deer head named Chloe and she is 10 pounds. Her half sister Daphne (same mom but with a apple head dad) is half deer head half apple. She weighs about 13 pounds. They are the same size but daphne has more muscle and strength. Chloe is taller and can jump higher because of her long legs. Chloe is also faster and slightly less stronger.
    Daphne’s brother was just killed by a car yesterday but he was 20 pounds. These dogs are not overweight. They are much bigger than the so called tea cup chihuahuas. Like humans, they vary in size. It is actually more common for them to be 5 to 10 pounds. The so called pure breds are bred for their size. Daphne and her brother’s parents were under 7 pounds and their pups are very big.

  24. Well my family breeds chi’s and to me, your dog doesnt sound like a pure bred chihuahua but is probably mixed with a foxy or something but i wouldnt be sure unless i saw a pic.. hope that helped?

  25. 5 weks old?!?!? that’s WAY too early to take a pup from its mother. i’d wait another few weeks if i were you…

  26. Samantha Smyth | November 22, 2012 at 2:13 pm |

    I recently found a stray chihuahua and I am having problems figuring out what kind of chihuahua he is! I had a pure breed chihuahua growing up and he is not like him , much smaller! Is there anyway to tell if he is a chihuahua or a mini pincher and how do i no if he is pure breed? I have decided to keep him , just to add in! lol

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